Sadaqah is a general term used to describe charity in Islam. Indeed, all acts of worship through financial / material expenditure are, by broader definition, classified as Sadaqah. However, while the giving of money or material items is sometimes a prerequisite for the fulfilment of Sadaqah and the attainment of blessings / rewards, the Prophet ﷺ has taught us that all good acts, such as smiling, are regarded as a Sadaqah and are also a source of blessings / rewards.
This article lists the different forms of financial Sadaqah under two broad categories, namely: Sadaqah Wajibah and Sadaqah Nafilah. We will also define the different forms of Zakah, the compulsory "charity". Finally we will identify some forms of illicit, ill-goten and Haraam income which must be disposed off to save one from sin.
The Qur’an is a compilation of the verbal revelations given to the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ over a period of twenty-three years, starting when he was 40 years old. The Qur’an is the primary source of guidance for Muslims and it lays down the law and commandments, codes for social and moral behavior and contains a comprehensive religious philosophy.
The main division of the Qur’an is into 114 Surahs (Chapters) and 6,348 Ayaat (Verses) divided into 30 roughly equal Juz (Parts). The language of the Qur’an is Arabic, and although it has been translated into virtually all languages, only the Arabic scripted “book” is considered as the Qur’an. The text of the Arabic Qur’an has remained unchanged since it was first compiled over 1400 years ago.
The Understanding the Qur’an series seeks to provide a summary of each Surah (Chapter). It is not a translation of the Qur’an, rather it is an overview of the main themes of the Chapter and groups of Verses within each Chapter. The intent is to spark interest among readers and to encourage them to engage with the Qur’an and to take guidance therefrom.
The story of the life of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ is integral to the understanding of Islam itself. Muslims believe that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was the last of a long line of Prophets and Messangers sent by the Almighty to help guide them to live a moral and righteous life.
This series is an summary of the highlights of the life of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. It is meant to peak the interest of the readers and to encourage them to delve deeper into the life story (Seerah) of the Prophet ﷺ.
If the Prophet ﷺ is the example that all Muslims should follow, then it is vitally important that we understand who he was, how he lived, interacted and influenced those around him.
The Sustainable Development Goals framework reflects the consensus among the global community of policy makers on major challenges confronting humanity. It sets the direction in which all resources will be channelized over the next decade-and-half with clear targets to be achieved by the year 2030. Adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, the framework includes seventeen (17) SDGs that provide a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future. These are: 1) no poverty, 2) zero hunger, 3) good health and well-being, 4) quality education, 5) gender equality, 6) clean water and sanitation, 7) affordable and clean energy, 8) decent work and economic growth, 9) industry, innovation, and infrastructure, 10) reducing inequality, 11) sustainable cities and communities, 12) responsible consumption and production, 13) climate action, 14) life below water, 15) life on land, 16) peace, justice, and strong institutions, and 17) partnerships for the goals.
The goals are broad-based and interdependent.
Since the religion of Islam sets the agenda for development in predominantly Muslim societies, it is interesting to examine to what extent the SDGs conform to the Islamic vision of development. In order to explain the Islamic vision of development, Islamic scholars have come up with a broad framework rooted in what are called, the Goals or the Maqasid of the Shariah (MaS). The MaS (as originally presented by the 12th-Centurey Islamic scholar Al-Ghazzali) are broadly discussed in five (05) categories: protection and enrichment of faith (deen), self (nafs), intellect (aql), progeny (nasl) and property (maal).
In recent times there have been some attempts to map the SDGs against the MaS. However, such attempts have often resulted in one-to-many as well as many-to-one mappings and the resultant clutter that adds little value in terms of comprehending the underlying relationships. In what follows, we seek to explore the relationship by going to the basics. We seek to delineate the relevant Shariah norms and prescriptions from the primary sources, i.e. the Qur’an and the Hadith for each one of the SDGs one by one.